Geography and Climate
The union of Myanmar is
2,61,228 square miles (676,577 square kilometers). It
stretches for 582 miles (936 kilometers) from east to west
and 1,275 miles (2,051 kilometers) from north to south.
The length of contiguous frontier is 3,828 miles (6,129
kilometers), sharing 1,370 miles with China, 1,310 miles
with Thailand, 832 miles with India, 1,687 miles with
Bangladesh and 148 miles with Laos respectively. The length
of the coastline from the mouth of Naaf River to Kawthaung
is approximately 1,385 miles.
The Union of Myanmar is geographically situated in Southeast
Asia between latitudes 9� 32' N and 28� 31' N and longitudes
92� 10' E and 101� 11' E.
The People's Republic of China borders Myanmar on the north
and northeast on the east and southeast by the Lao People's
Democratic Republic and the Kingdom of Thailand, on the
south by the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal and on the
west by the People's Republic of Bangladesh and the Republic
East longitude 96� 13' and north latitude 16� 45' run
through Yangon, the Capital City of Myanmar.
The climate of Myanmar is roughly divided into three seasons: summer, rainy and
cold season. From March to mid-May are summer months; the rain falls from
mid-May to the end of October and the cold season starts in November and ends in
the end of February. Generally, Myanmar enjoys a tropical monsoon climate.
However, climatic conditions differ widely from place to place due to widely
different topographical situations. Central Myanmar has an annual rainfall of
less than 40 inches while the Rakhine coast gets about 200 inches.
Besides, the average highest temperature in Central Myanmar during the summer
months March and April is above 110� F (43.3�C) while in Northern Myanmar is
about 79� F (36.1� C) and on the Shan Plateau between 85� F and 95� F (29.4� C
and 35� C). Temperature of towns varies according to their location and
Mountain ranges of Myanmar created different climatic condition, rain forest
that makes regular rainfall for the rice farmers and also acting as natural
barrier which protecting the mainland from typhoon and hurricane.
Population and National Races of MyanmarThe Union of Myanmar has divided into seven States and seven Divisions and made
up of 135 national races of which the main ethnic groups are Kachin, Kayah,
Kayin, Chin, Bamar, Mon, Rakhine and Shan. According to the statistics of
1998-99, the population of the country is estimated at 47.25 million and the
population growth rate is 1.84%. Males constitute 23.46 million, forming 49.66%
and females constitute 23.79 million, forming 50.34%. It is expected that the
population will reach 52 million by the year 2003.
Entry formalitiesValid passport is needed for the visa application. Tourist
and business visa are valid for 28 days; apply to any
Myanmar Embassy or Consulate, with four photographs.
Visa shall be issued by representatives of Myanmar in:
Australia (Canberra), Bangladesh (Dhaka), Canada (Ottawa),
People's Repl of China (Beijing, Kuming), C.I.S. / former
U.S.S.R. (Moscow), Egypt (Cairo), France (Paris), Germany
(Bonn), Hong Kong, India (New Delhi). Indonesia (Jakarta),
Israel (Tel Aviv), Italy (Rome), Japan (Tokyo), Laos (Viangchan),
Malaysia (Kuala Lumpur), Nepal (Kathmandu), Pakistan
(Islamabad), The Philippines (Manila), Singapore, South
Korea (Seoul), Sri Lanka (Colombo), Switzerland (Geneva),
Thailand (Bangkok), United Kingdom (London), U.S.A (New
York, Washington), Vietnam (Hanoi) and Yugoslavia
Passengers arriving without a visa, if required, will be
Children over 7 years mentioned in the passport of a parent
must hold a separate visa;
A tourist visa and Business visa are valid only for a
maximum period of 28 days. The passenger must hold confirmed
return or onward tickets.
A transit visa is valid for a period of 24 hours only.
Travel to certain areas in Myanmar is restricted. Contact to
Shan Yoma Travel & Tours Co., Ltd. for special permit.
VISAFor more information click here:
CustomsBesides personal effects visitors are allowed 400 cigarettes
(100 cigars or 250 gms of unrolled tobacco), a quart of
liquor and 500 ml of cologne or perfume. Camera, radios,
cassette players, calculators etc. must be declared at the
customs of arrival and taken out on departure. Foreign
currency in excess of US$ 2000 must be declared. Retain a
copy of the Customs declaration form to be presented when
you leave Myanmar.
Currency Exchange200FEC not require to compulsory exchange. US Dollar is the
accepted foreign currency in Myanmar. Traveller's cheque and
major credit cards are not available around the country. It
is recommended to bring US$ cash for shopping and general
CurrencyThe currency is kyat pronounced (chat) and is divided into
100 pyas. At present the following kyat bank notes are in
use: K1, 5, 10, 15, 20, 45, 50, 90, 100, 200, 500, 1,000.
HealthThe same precautions as anywhere else. Drink only bottled
water. Do not eat raw vegetables' only eat fruits that you
can peel or cut yourself. Be wary of eating food from street
stalls. Use insect repellent to keep malaria, dengue fever
and the like at bay. Use sunscreen liberally when exposed to
the intense, tropical sun.
AIRPORT TAXAirport tax is US$ 10 per head to be paid on departure.
TimeMyanmar Standard Time (MST) is six hours and 30 minutes
ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT).
30 min shorter than BKK Time.
Government and business 9:30 am to 4:30 pm. Monday through
Shops - 10:00 am to 9:00 pm. Usually Monday through
DressLight summer wear is ideal. Rubber slippers or sandals are
recommended as footwears are strictly prohibited at Pagodas,
temples and monasteries. A sweater and a raincoat will be
useful if tour includes Taunggyi (4,675 feet above
sea-level), the Inlay Lake and Kyaikhtiyo (Golden Rock)
3,600 feet above sea level.
FestivalsThere are literally hundreds of colourful festivals and
temple fairs celebrated throughout Myanmar during any year,
many of them religious or featuring traditional sports.
ShoppingWhile department stores, supermarkets and mini-markets in
Yangon offer a wide choice of products, both foreign and
local with fixed prices, the real magic of shopping is to be
found mainly in the Bogyoke Aung San Market where shopping
is fun and easy; and bargaining is acceptable.
Car HireSelf-drive and chauffeur-driven cars are not allowed in
Myanmar. Car Rental Companies have desks at Yangon
International Airport and have also so many hotel in Yangon.
VaccinationNone are required unless travelers come from yellow fever
ELECTRICITYElectric current is usually 230 Volts A/C. Various plug
socket are in use: better hotels supply adaptors and
transformers for 110V equipment.